Personality Disorders are an enduring way of feeling, thinking and acting that is different from those around them.
Those individuals suffering with Personality Disorders experience significant disruptions in their relationships, work and school. They are grouped together in clusters, based on their common characteristics.
Cluster A present with odd and eccentric thinking or behavior.
Example: Schizoid Personality Disorder individuals are detached from desiring or connecting with others in social settings beginning in early adulthood. More comfortable in a solitary lifestyle, devoid of sexual relationships, lacks close friends, not interested in praise from others, and seems to be emotionally distant and cold.
Cluster B present with dramatic and emotional thinking and behavior.
Example: Borderline Personality Disorders individuals have very unstable identity, erratic social and emotional relationships, are extremely impulsive. They are terrified of abandonment, yet their intensity and extreme emotions make others want to move away from them. Alternating to extremes, they may engage in risky behavior and mood swings that appear to be similar to Bipolar Disorders. The difference between the two disorders is that their moods changes occur within a shorter period of time and not over the course of days. Self-harm behaviors and chronic suicidal ideation are common, as they seek a solution to their intensely painful emotions. It is extremely important to assess for safety, as individuals with borderline personality disorder are at risk for completed suicides.
Cluster C present with anxious and avoidant thinking and behavior.
Example: Avoidant Personality Disorder individuals are very sensitive to being negatively judged by others so they avoid social and occupational activities. They spend a great deal of time worrying about being criticized by others in social situations as they feel awkward, inferior and unliked by others.
Personality Disorders are believed to have both genetic and environmental cause. There are no specific medications for Personality Disorders, however, some mediations are prescribed depending on symptoms (APA, 2013).
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